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INDEX: GENUS / SPECIES

Following is a list of plant species I work with. The list mostly consists of species from around the world, typically those species I have encountered while living, traveling and working abroad. The list is ordered alphabetically by family, followed by the Latin name, then common name(s). The list is not complete, there are entries not yet linked and I am constantly adding species. I do not yet have photos and entries for some but most should have either an image or text or both. Eventually I will create additional indices with alternative organization (by common name, by family, by use, by geographical region of origin, etc.) to make everything as searchable as possible for the general public.

The search bar is also a useful way to navigate this site, especially if you’re looking for something general, such as “fruit”, or “ethnobotany”, or “tropical flora”, etc.

A

Acanthaceae, Justicia betonica

Actinidiaceae, Actinidia indica, Kiwifruit

Actinidiaceae, Actinidia polygama, Silvervine – China, Japan, Korea, Russia

Alternathera sissoo, Samba Lettuce, Sissoo

Amanitaceae, Amanita muscaria, Fly Agaric

Amaranthaceae, Celosia argentea

Anacardiaceae, Anacardium occidentale, Cashew, Maranon

Anacardiaceae, Mangifera indica., Mango

Anacardiaceae, Pistacia vera, Pistachio, Pistache

Anacardiaceae, Pseudospondias microcarpa, Offass – Gabon, Central West Africa

Anonaceae, Anona muricata, Guanabana, Soursop

Anonaceae, Anona spraguei

Anonaceae, Anona squamosa, Sugar Apple

Annonaceae, Asimina triloba, Paw Paw

Anonaceae, Rollinia deliciosa (mucosa), Biriba

Anonaceae, Stelechocarpus burahol, Kepel Fruit, Burahol

Apocynaceae, Alstonia scholaris, Devil tree (Vietnam)

Apocynaceae, Carissa carandas

Apocynaceae, Carissa macrocarpa, Natal Plum

Apocynaceae, Thevitia ahouai, Huevo de Gato

Apocynaceae, Plumeria spp., Frangipani, Plumeria

Apocynaceae, Tabernamontana, Bola de Mono

Apocynaceae, Tabernathe iboga – Gabon, Central West Africa

Apocynaceae, Thevetia peruviana, Yellow Oleander, Camalonga, Be Still

Aquifoliaceae, Ilex dimorphophylla, Okinowan holly

Araceae, Dieffenbachia seguine, Spotted Dumb Cane

Aralicaceae, Cussonia spicata – Africa, Southern Cape

Aristolochiaceae, Aristolochiaspp., Dutchman’s Pipe

Aristolochiaceae, Aristolochia spp., unidentified species

Aristolochiaceae, Aristolochia spp. – Jalisco, Mexico

Araucariaceae, Araucaria cunninghamiana, Moreton Bay Pine

Arecaceae, Areca catechu, Betel Nut Palm

Arecaceae, Areca catechu, Betel nut seed, quid, etc.

Arecaceae, Copernicia fallensis

Arecaceae, Mauritia flexuosa, Moriche Palm

Arecaceae, Pseudophoenix vinifera, Cacheo Palm

Arecaceae, Raphia farinifera, Mwaale (Swahili), Raphia Palm

Arecaceae, Scnippia concolor, Silver Pimento Palm

Asparagaceae, Yucca rostrata, Beaked Yucca

B

Bauhinia spp. Orchid Tree

Bignoniaceae, Mansoa alliaceae, Garlic Vine, Wild Garlic, Ajo Sacha

Bixaceae, Bixa orellana, Achiote, Annatto

Bombaceae (Malvaceae), Adansonia digitata, Baobab

       A. digitata cont…

Bombaceae, Bombacopsis glabra, Saba Nut

Bombaceae, Bombax barrigon, Barrigon

Bombaceae, Matissia cordata, Chupa-Chupa, Zapote

Bombaceae, Pachira aquatica, Guinea Chestnut

Bombacacea, Ceiba pentandra

       C. pentandra cont…

Bromaliaceae, Ananas comosus, Pineapple, Pina

Bromaliaceae, Puya herteroniana – Chile

Burseraceae, Canarium commune, Canari, Java Almond

Burseraceae, Canarium ovatum, Pilinut

Buxaceae, Simmondsia chinensis, Goatnut, Jojoba

C

Cactaceae, Echinopsis peruviana – Peru, South America

Cactaceae, Echinopsis tarmaensis – Peru, South America

Cactaceae, Selenicereus megalanthus, Yellow Pitahaya, Dragon Fruit

Capparaceae, Capparis spp. (spinosa?) – Kefalonia, Greece

Caricaceae, Carica papaya, Papaya

Cesalpinaceae, Tamarindus indica, Tamarind(o)

Chenopodiacea, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Wormseed, Paico

Chinampa – Raised-bed hydrological Agriculture

Chinampa – Fields and Canals – San Gregorio, Mexico

Combretaceae, Quisqualis indica, Rangoon Creeper

Compositae, Tagetes lucida, Tzitziqui, Spanish Tarragon, Mexican Marigold

Condiment Leaves of Southeast Asia

Convulvulaceae, Ipomoea alba, Moonflower

Convulvulaceae, Ipomoea batatas, Sweet Potato, Camote

Cornaceae, Cornus controversa, Giant Dogwood

Cornaceae, Cornus mas, European cornel – Slovenia

Cornaceae, Cornus stolonifera – Slovenia

Cookerina tricholoma

Crassulaceae, Kalanchoe pinnata, Air Plant, Immortal, Hoja de Aire

Curcubitaceae, Luffa Cylindrica, Luffa Gourd

Curcubitaceae, Momordica charantia, Bitter Melon

Cydista aequinoctialis, Garlic Vine

D

Dilleniaceae, Dillenia indica, Elephant Apple, Hondapara

Dioscoraceae, Dioscorea mexicana, Tortoise vine

Dioscoraceae, Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato, Potato Yam

E

Ebenaceae, Diospyros blancoi, Mabolo, Velvet Apple

Cactaceae, Echinopsis peruviana

Cactaceae, Echinopsis tarmaensis

Elaeagnaceae, Elaeagnus ebbingei, Silverberry

Ephedraceae, Ephedra andina, canotu, pingo-pingo – South America

Erythroxylaceae, Erythroxylon coca, var. ipadu, Coca

Euphorbiaceae, Cnidoscolus chayamansa, Chaya

Euphorbiaceae, Euphorbia dendroides, Tree Spurge

Euphorbiaceae, Hevea brasiliensis, Para Rubber Tree, Jebe

Euphorbiaceae, Manihot esculenta, Cassava, Manioc, Yuca, Mandioca

Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthus niruri, Stonebreaker, Chanca Piedra

Euphorbiaceae, Plukenetia conophora, Sacha inchi

Euphorbiaceae, Ricinus communis, Castor Bean, Higuerilla

Euphorbiaceae, Sauropus androgynous, Katuk

Euphorbiaceae, Synadenium grantii, African Milk Bush

F

Fabaceae, Cajanus cajan, Guandu, Pigeon Pea

Fabaceae, Ceratonia siliqua, Carob, St. John’s Bread

Fabaceae, Eperua falcata, Bootlace tree

Fabaceae, Erythrina crista-galli

Fabaceae, Erythrina falcata

Fabaceae, Erythrophleum suaveolens, Ordeal Tree

Fabaceae, Lablab purpureus, Lablab

Fabaceae, Mora oleifera

Fermented Organic Compost

G

Geastrum fimbriatum, Sessile, Earth Star Fungus

Gutiferaceae, Garcinia mangostana, Mangosteen

Gutiferaceae, Mamey americana, Mamey apple

H

I

Iridaceae, Sisyrinchium striatum – Chile

Irvingiaceae, Irvingia gabonensis, Bush Mango – Gabon

J

K

L

Loganiaceae, Strychnos spp. – Vietnam

Lamiaceae, Lippia alba, Pampa Oregano, Lippia

Lamiaceae, Ocimum micranthum, Wild Basil, Pichana Albaca

Lamiaceae, Plectranthus amboinicus, Indian Borage, French Thyme

Lamiaceae, Pogostemnon cablin, Patchuli

Lauraceae, Cinnamomum verum (zeylanicum), Canela

Lauraceae, Persea americana, Avocado, multiple varieties

Lecythidaceae, Gustavia superba, Membrillo, Paco

Lecythidaceae, Lecythis zabucajo, Sapucaia Nut

Lecythidaceae, Lecythis spp., Mini Brazil Nut

Leguminosae, Acacia kirkii

Leguminosae, Albizia cori, Ober (Luo)

Liliaceae, Urginea maritima, Seasquill

Liliaceae, Asphodeline lutea, Yellow Asphodel

M

Magnoliaceae, Magnolia delavayi

Malpighiaceae, Aleurites molucana, Candlenut, Kukui Nut, Indian Walnut

Malpighiaceae, Banisteriopsis caapi, Ayahuasca, Yaje, Vine of the Soul

Malpighiaceae, Unknown species

Malpighiaceae, Bunchosia argenta, Peanutbutter Fruit

Malvaceae, Gossypium hirsutum, Cotton, Algodon

Malvaceae, Hibiscus (Abelmoshus) esculentus, Okra

Malvaceae, Hibiscus acetosella, Cranberry Hibiscus

Malvaceae, Hibiscus cannabinus, Kenaf

Malvaceae, Hibiscus sabdariffa

Malvaceae, Bele Spinach

Mediterranean, Traditional Entheogenic and Intoxicating Plants

Meliaceae, Azadirachta indica, Neem

Moraceae, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Jackfruit

Moraceae, Artocarpus lakoocha, Monkey Jack, Emerald Jack, Lakoocha

Moringaceae, Moringa drouhardii, Bottle Tree – Madagascar

Moringaceae, Moringa oleifera, Horseraddish Tree, Drumstick Tree

Moringaceae, Moringa stenopetala, African Moringa

Musaceae, Musa spp., Dwarf Pink Banana

Musaceae, Ensete ventricosum, Wild Banana, Enset

Myristicaceae, Myristica fragrans, Nutmeg

Myrtaceae, Eugenia stipitada, Araza

Mytaceae, Eugenia uniflora, Suriname Cherry

Myrtaceae, Eugenia victoriana, Sundrop

Myrtaceae, Myrciaria cauliflora, Jaboticaba

Myrtaceae, Myrciaria glazioviana, Yellow Jaboticaba, Cabelluda

Myrtaceae, Myrciaria vexator, Blue Grape, Giant Jaboticaba, False Jaboticaba

Myrtaceae, Psidium cattlelanum, Strawberry Guava, Cattley Guava

Myrtaceae, Psidium friederichaestahlianum, Cas

Myrtaceae, Psidium guajava, “Kumagai”

Myrtaceae, Syzygium jambos, Rose Apple

Myrtaceae, Syzygium melaccense, Water Apple

Myrtaceae, Syzygium samarangense, Java Apple

Myrtaceae, Dwarf Jaboticaba

Myrtaceae, Myrciaria floribunda, Rumberry, Guavaberry

N

Nitrogen fixing trees (edible) for the humid tropics

Nitrogen fixing trees for the humid tropics

O

Oleaceae, Olea europaea, Olive

Onagraceae, Fuchsia boliviana – South America

Orchidaceae, Ancistrochilus thomsonianus – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Angraecum, eichleirianum – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Bulbophyllum acutebracteatum var. rubrobrunneopapillosum – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Cyrtorchis ashersonnii – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Eulophia gracilis – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Polystachya affinis – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Polystachya polychaete – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Summerhayesia laurentii – Gabon, Central West Africa

Orchidaceae, Vanilla planifolia, Vanilla

Orchidaceae, Ophrys spegodes

Oxalidaceae, Averrhoa carambola, Starfruit

Oxalidaceae, Averrhoa bilimbi, Bilimbi

P

Paeoniaceae, Paeonia lutea, Tibetan paeony

Palmaceae, Areca catechu, Betel Nut, Paaku, Pinang

Papaveraceae, Papaver somniferum, Opium Poppy

Papaveraceae, Papaver rhoeas, Common Poppy – Greece

Passifloraceae, Passiflora spp. – Kefalonia, Greece

Pasifloraceae, Jamaican Lilikoi

Pasifloraceae, Passiflora edulus, Passion Fruit, Maracuya

Passifloraceae, Passiflora tarmiana

Pandanus spp.

Papilonaceae, Crotolaria spp., Sun Hemp

Pinaceae, Pinus cembra, Swiss Stone Pine

Pinaceae, Picea abies, Norway Spruce

Piperaceae, Peperomia pelucida,

Piperaceae, Piper capensis

Piperaceae, Piper guinense, West African Pepper

Piperaceae, Piper nigrum, Pepper

Piperaceae, Piper umbellatum

Pharmacotheon (PDF) By Johnathan Ott

Phytolaccaceae, Petiveria alliaceae, Anamu, Mucura

Polygonaceae, Malpighia glabra, Acerola

Portulacaceae, Portulaca oleracea, Purslane, Verdolaga

Poaceae, Cymbopogon citratus, Lemon Grass, Hierba Luisa

Portulacaceae, Talinum fruticosum,Suriname Spinach, Water Leaf, Philippine Spinach, Lagos Bologi

Q

R

Ranunculaceae, Nigella damascana, Love-in-a-Mist

Rhamnaceae, Zizyphus jujuba

Rhamnaceae, Zizyphus mauritiana, Indian Jujube

Rhamnaceae, Ziziphus mauritiana, Jujube – Vietnam

Rosaceae, Malus domestica, Apple

Rosaceae, Prunus dulcis (amygdalus), Almond

Rosaceae, Rubus pentalobus, Creeping raspberry

Rubiaceae, Coffea rustica

Rubiaceae, Coffea arabica

Rubiaceae, Coffea conifera

Rubiaceae, Portlandia grandiflora

Rubiaceae, Psychotria poeppigiana, Hot Lips, Labios de Puta

Rubiaceae, Psychotria viridis, Chacruna

Rubiaceae, Psychotria spp. – Jalisco, Mexico

Rubiaceae, Randia Formosa, Blackberry Jam Fruit

Rutaceae, Aegle marmelos, Bael Fruit

Rutaceae, Casimiroa edulis, White Sapote, Mexican Apple

Rutaceae, Citrus hystrix, Kaffir Lime

Rutaceae, Citrus spp., Giant Lemon, no ID

Ruaceae, Feronia limona, Wood Apple

Rutaceae, Murraya koenigii, Curry Tree

Rutaceae, Triphasia tripholia (aurantifolia), Jerusalem lime

S

Salicaceae, Azara microphylla – South America

Sapindaceae, Bligia sapida, Akee, Seso Vegetal

Sapindaceae, Nephelium lappacium, Rambutan, Mamon Chino

Sapindaceae, Nephelium mutabile, Pulasan

Sapotaceae, Manilkara zapota, Chico Sapote

Sapotaceae, Pouteria caimito, Abiu

Sapotaceae, Pouteria campechiana, Eggfruit, Canistel

Sapotaceae, Pouteria sapota, Mamey Sapote

Sapotaceae, Synsepalum dulcificum, Miracle Fruit

Selaginellaceae, Selaginella spp., Spike Moss, Shapumba

Simaroubaceae, Harrisonia abyssinica, Pedo (Luo)

Solanaceae, Brugmansia suaveolens, Toé, Angels Trumpet

Solanaceae, Brugmansia alba, Borrachero (Documentary)

Solanaceae, Brugmansia (candida?)

Solanaceae, Brunfelsia grandiflora, Chiric Sanango, Fever Tree

Solanaceae, Datura metel, Devil’s Trumpet, Zombie Cucumber

Solanaceae, Datura wrightii, Toloache, Jimson Weed

Solanaceae, Datura spp., Yellow, triple flower

Solanaceae, Hyoscyamus niger, Henbane

Solanaceae, Iochroma cyaneum

Solanaceae, Iochroma fuchsioides – South America

Solanaceae, Iochroma umbellata

Solanaceae, Nicotiana cordifolia – Juan Fernandez Islands

Solanaceae, Nicotiana tabacum, tobacco

Solanaceae, Solanum hispidum, Giant devil’s fig – Peru

Sterculiaceae, Theobroma cacao, Cacao

Sterculiaceae, Sterculia apetala, Panama Tree

Sterculiaceae, Cola acuminata, Colanut

Sterculiaceae, Sterculia spp. – Vietnam

T

Theaceae, Camellia sinensis, Tea

Theaceae, Camellia yunnanensis

Theophrastaceae, Jaquinia aurantiaca

Tropaeolaceae, Tropaeolum tuberosum, Mashua, Tuber Nasturtium – South America, Andes Region

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Zingiberaceae, Alpina galanga, Galangal

Zingaberaceae, Curcuma longa (domestica), Turmeric, Curcuma

Zingeberaceae, Curcuma spp., White Turmeric

Zingiberaceae, Elittaria cardamomum, Cardamom

Zingiberaceae, Zingaber officinale, Ginger, Genibre

Zingaberaceae, Torch Ginger

Zygophyllaceae, Guaiacum coulteri – Jalisco, Mexico

Zygophyllaceae, Guaiacum sanctum, Lignum vitae

19 Comments leave one →
  1. January 24, 2010 10:08:40 pm

    Hola , that’s quite a collection , maybe we can trade seeds ?

    http://www.viveroel5tosol.com

    Luc

    • January 24, 2010 10:08:56 pm

      Do you grow or have access to all of the species on your species list? Some great looking stuff on there.

      • April 28, 2010 10:08:06 pm

        Yes I grow all that stuff .

        By any chance do you know a fruit from the Bocca del Toro swamp area ( Panama ) that the locals call ” Sabdil “

        • April 29, 2010 10:08:01 am

          I spent a few years living out there. I don’t recognize that name offhand. Any other description or alternative name?

  2. May 31, 2010 10:08:36 am

    HI,
    IAM LOOKING FOR CAESALPINIA FERREA SEED OR TREE SAPPLING IN BIG QUANTITY CAN YOU HELP ME TO OTHER NURSERY OR SEED SUPPLYER THANKYOU

    THANKYOU.
    Y.M

    • February 9, 2013 10:08:55 am

      Contact me if you`re still interested, this species is quite common in the place I live.

  3. June 14, 2010 10:08:43 am

    This an Great post, I will save this in my Furl account. Have a awesome evening.

  4. chiquita permalink
    July 26, 2011 10:08:17 pm

    I didn’t see arbutus on your species list – I wanted to send the info to a friend.

    • July 26, 2011 10:08:18 pm

      Yeah, I need to update the species list. There’s a lot that’s not on there, I’ll try to put up an arbutus article.
      Thanks for visiting.

  5. October 10, 2011 10:08:00 pm

    You may want to see my posts on Haitian squash joumou (Cucurbita moschata) at: desolatte.wordpress.com

  6. David Garcia permalink
    January 29, 2013 10:08:55 pm

    I’d be incredibly interested in getting seeds to Annona spraguei!!!! I love Annona and it is important to spread threatened ones like this around. I live in the Miami and have a permit to import seeds, so if you’d be willing to share somes seeds with me please contact me at davidgarcia899@gmail.com

  7. Bernard King permalink
    June 17, 2013 10:08:30 am

    I have a normal peru Lucuma obovata with 200g fruit. I am seeking seeds of one that has fruit 15cms wide and about one kilo fruit. Apparently they do exist in Peru and mountain in Columbia, perhaps also other part of South America. Please contact me at bentanemahuta@gmail.com

  8. July 11, 2013 10:08:44 pm

    Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said
    “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the
    shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and
    it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off
    topic but I had to tell someone!

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