anthropogen

: of, relating to, or resulting from the influence of human beings on nature

Sterculiaceae, Cola acuminata, Cola nut – Gabon, Central West Africa

I found this large Cola tree in a small neighborhood/village at the edge of Libreville. I’m pretty sure it’s C. acuminata. Here is a previous entry on Cola nitida, which […]

Erythroxylaceae, Erythroxylon (Erythroxylum) coca, var. ipadu

The coca plant is an understory shrub with simple, entire, alternate leaves. As can be observed from the photographs above, the leaves are smooth, light green oval-shaped and approx. 5-8 […]

Celastraceae, Catha edulis, Qat, Khat, Mirra – photos and an article

Celastraceae is a family of one species, Catha edulis, also known as khat, or mirra. Khat is typically cultivated as a shrub or small tree, sometimes reaching up to 15 […]

Arecaceae, Areca catechu, Betel nut, Paaku, Pinang, arequier (French), Betelnusspalme (German), avellana d’India (Italian)

Areca seeds are ingested as “betel”, a combination of leaves of Piper betle, slices of fresh seed and lime (to convert alkaloids to their freebase). Betel has been enjoyed for […]