Capsicum pubescens, commonly known as Rocoto, is the least widespread and oldest cultivated species of all domesticated peppers; it has been grown for 5,000+ years. All pepper species are native to the Americas and are closely related to other such familiar plants as tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, tobacco, and many more. This particular pepper species’ native range spans from the Michoacan highlands of Mexico into the South American Andes, however it is not present in the Central American tropics where there is not suitable climate for it to grow.
The Rocoto can often live for fifteen years often growing into a 15 ft tall woody plant. The large shrub / small tree thrives in part shade, temperate to sub-tropical climates and tolerates a fair amount of cold.
I first became acquainted with the rocoto years ago when I found it at a municipal market in Tarija, Southern Boliva.
C. pubescens is easily grown from seed, I’m not sure about cuttings or airlayers (?)
Below are photos of the leaf, flower bud and flower.
And below, a photo of an emerging bud.
Below a photo of a rocoto flower, very characteristic of the solanaceae family (compare to tomato, eggplant, potato, Physialis.